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REPORT 



OF 



THE HONOURABLE JAMES MAGEE, and 



THE HOBOURABLE FRANK EGERTON HODGINS, 



APPOINTED BY ORDER- IN -COUNCIL TO ENQUIRE INTO 



CERTAIN MATTERS REGARDING THE ELECTION HELD ON 



DECEMBER 1st, 1926, IN THE ELECTORAL DISTRICT 



OP SOUTH OTTAWA. 



<P: V 








TO HIS HONOUR THE LIEUTENANT GOVERNOR 
OF THE PROVINCE OF ONTARIO: 



MAY IT PLEASE YOUR HONOUR, 



We, the undersigned Commissi oners appointed 
by His Majesty's Letters Patent dated the 
first day of Maroh, A. D. 1928, issued under 
Order of Your Honour in Council to enquire 
into and report to Your Honour upon the 
matters therein mentioned, have the honour 
to report as follows: 



We have had the assistance of Mr. Starr, K. C, 
who was assigned by Your Honour in Council to act as Counsel 
for the Commission, and also of Mr. MoRuer, appearing as 
Counsel on behalf of Mr. Sinolair, M. L. A. for South 
Ontario* We also requested the presence of and have been 
attended by Mr. Sinclair, Mr. Thomas M. Birkett, M. L. A. 
for South Ottawa, and Mr. Robert R. Sparks who was a 
candidate for election as Member of the Legislative Assembly 
for South Ottawa at the general election in December 1926. 









We have called and have examined as witnesses 
before us all persons whom, from any evidence or allegations 
or suggestions or any ciroum8tano.es disclosed before us, we 
considered likely to be able to give any information as to 
the matters for enquiry. 

A transcript of the evidence, certified by the 
stenographers appointed to report the proceedings, 
accompanies our report. 

The facts as disclosed, derived from testimony 
of the witnesses appearing before us, all of whom were sworn, 
may be stated as follows: 

The date fixed for the nomination of candidates 
for the general election of Members of the Legislative 
Assembly was 20th November, 1926, and the date for polling 
was 1st December, 1926. The King's Printer had previously 
provided a supply of sheets of specially manufactured ballot 
paper, specially watermarked, sufficient for the Province, 
which by his direction had been sent by the manufacturer 
direct to the United Press at Toronto and by the latter 
printed with black borders with spaces within which the 
candidates' names could be locally printed in each 
constituency. These sheets when so printed had been sent 
by the United Press to the office of the Clerk of the Crown 
in Chancery in packages convenient in size to be sent by 
the latter to the various Returning Officers. Eaoh sheet 
had blanks for twelve names and this if only two candidates 
were nominated oould be out into six ballots. 



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Mr. Francis M. Scott had been appointed 
Returning Officer for South Ottawa and before nomination 
day the Clerk of the Crown in Chancery sent to him in 
addition to the necessary forms and stationery a supply of 
these packages believed to contain 8000 ballot sheets. 
These on arrival at Ottawa were taken to Mr. Scott's 
residence. Later they were by his direction taken to the 
Modern Press, a printing establishment at Ottawa, to have the 
candidates' names printed in, and after the nomination Mr. 
Soott directed the Modern Press to print 30,000 ballots and 
make them up into 140 books or "pads" of 100 ballots each, 
140 of 50 each and the remainder of 25 each. The ballots 
were each to be numbered on the counterfoil and stub parts 
consecutively with numbers from 1 to 30,000 and had to be 
perforated between ballot and counterfoil and stub so as to 
allow ready separation at the polls. The printing and 
consecutive numbering were done by one person on one machine 
in one operation. Necessarily, for the various operations 
of printing, perforating, cutting, sorting into pads and 
wiring or "stitohing" these and putting the pads into 
packages for return to Mr. Scott, the ballot papers would 
have to pass through several hands at the Modern Press. 

The 30,000 ballots would require 5000 sheets 
beside some few, about a dozen, which were spoiled in the 
printing. The packages of pads or books of ballots when 
completed were sent to Mr. Scott's house in three lots and 
there is no reason to doubt that the full 30,000 were 
reoeived by him and he did not dispute this although he did 

not actually count the pads. 

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From examination of the pads of stubs returned by the Deputy- 
Returning Officers it would appear that those numbered from 
1 to 14,000 were put up in pads of 100 eaoh, those from 
14,001 to 21,000 in pads of 50 eaoh and the others in pads 
of 25 eaoh. Mr. Soott had in his proclamation specified 
94 polling subdivisions numbered 148 to 194 and 26 to 72 
but in 29 of these he provided, under 8.54 (6) of The Ontario 
Election Act 1926, an additional polling place and there was 
an advance poll, under See. 67, for expectant absentees 
making 124 polling places in all. To all the Deputy 
Returning Officers Mr. Soott gave their supply of ballot 
pads at his house, excepting to four or five to whom he 
delivered them elsewhere. Eaoh Deputy received several 
books or pads of ballots which might be of different 
quantities, not all consecutive in number. Mr. Soott made 
no note of and was unable to state the number or size of 
pads or the numbers on any of the pads given to any of the 
Deputies so that any particular number might be traced to 
him, nor did he note the number of pads left undistributed 
nor the numbers on them* He states and his return to the 
Clerk of the Grown in Chancery of the voting shows that he 
gave out to the Deputies 28,650 ballots. He would thus 
have left in his hands 1350 undistributed ballots to account 
for, besides nearly 3000 sheets of printed ballot blanks 
which had been delivered to the Modern Press. 

Mr. Soott 1 s return. Form 32 under Sec. 143 of 
The Election Act shewing the result at the different polling 
places from the Deputy Returning Officers' certified 
statements, shews that 9171 votes were counted as polled 

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for Mr. Birkett and 5676 for Mr. Sparks, making 14,727 used 
ballots. Beside these there were 102 rejected ballots and 
30 oan celled, making in all 14,859 ballots. There were 
also 21 ballots declined. (See Sec. 105). The same return 
states the unused ballots as 13,770, which would make up 
28,650, the rejected, cancelled and declined ballots being 
apparently counted as not included in the used or unused 
ballots. 

The supplies sent to Mr. Soott by the Clerk of 
the Crown in Chancery had been enclosed in three wooden boxes 
or cases and the letter of instructions from the latter 
officer of 18th October, 1926, had directed him to return 
to the Clerk the Writ, the Heturn and other papers and 
packages specified in the Act. On 13th December, 1926, he 
returned by express one of the three boxes with therein the 
envelopes received from the Deputies containing ballot papers 
and other papers as required by Sec 144. On 24th December, 
1926, he wrote the Clerk that he had yet two boxes or cases 
and a few poll books and "unused forms" and asked if he 
would return them or store them for future use in the riding 
and by letter of 28th December the Clerk instructed him to 
return all boxes, poll books and "unused forms" he might have 
on hand to the Clerk. On 3rd January, 1927, he sent to the 
Clerk by express the other two boxes and therein a number 
of forms, poll books and other books and papers. 

Before the polling day Mr. Soott rented an 
upstairs room in a building owned by F. W. Hill, Ho* 282 
Sunnyside Avenue, and he appears to have had the use of 
and used that room and two rooms spoken of as a middle room 

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opening off the entrance hall, and a back room on the ground 
floor in the same building for his purposes as Returning 
Officer until late in January. The middle room was in faot 
used as a polling place on election day and also a few days 
later for the holding of a poll for the municipal election. 
He states that he removed the undistributed ballots, those 
which he had not sent to any Deputy Returning Officer, from 
his residence to these rooms about 8th to 10th December, 1926. 
He at first informed us and employees of the Modern Press 
believed that the unprinted sheets of ballot forms were 
returned from the printing office to him. Mr. Scott also 
at first informed us and evidently believed that he had 
himself packed those unprinted sheets and also the 
undistributed ballots in one of the two boxes sent to the 
Clerk of the Crown in Chancery on 3rd January, 19E7. The 
three boxes sent by him had been duly received by express 
at the Clerk's office and had remained unopened till 
produced before us, the Clerk having been so instructed. 
He produced them and they were opened in our presence and 
in presence of Mr. Scott and the Counsel appearing and those 
attending. It was then found, to Mr. Scott 1 s apparent 
surprise, that the box in which he thought he had packed 
and sent to Toronto the ballot form sheets and undistributed 
ballots was empty, nor were they to be found in either of 
the other two boxes. He was at first inclined to think the 
sheets and ballots had been surreptitiously taken out of the 
box by some person or persons through illwill to him, but 
after hearing various witnesses depose to finding or seeing 



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numbers of ballot pads and ballots in the baok room referred 
to he admitted that he must have omitted to take fiare of or 
return the ballots and the unprinted sheets and also that in 
faot he might not have received baok the latter from the 
printer. Later on, the workman of the Modern Press who had 
out the printed ballot sheets into ballot forms was called 
and stated that nearly four months after the election he had 
noticed a quantity of unprinted sheets in their storeroom 
and to prevent them being made use of he had out them up and 
had them destroyed as waste paper. There were he thought 
about five or six packages of about 500 sheets, one package 
being open* Such opening may have been to get sheets to 
replace others spoiled. This we consider accounts for the 
destruction in or about the month of April 1927 of the sheets 
of ballot forms which had not been used in printing the 
ballots. 

In the other one of the two boxes returned 
together by Mr. Soott were found four pads of stubs, in all 
125, one of which pads having the counterfoils attached. 

Mr. Soott gave up possession of the three rooms 

late in January 1927 and after an ihterval the middle room 

downstairs opening off the hall was rented to a newspaper 

association for distributing newspapers to newsboys but about 

September 1927 they oooupied the baok room instead of the 

middle room for that purpose. In that baok room when they 

got possession of it were, with other litter, an open wooden 

box and an open basket in which were among waste paper and 

rubbish loose ballot papers and packets of ballots. Some 

of these were thrown about in the room and some taken outside 

by some of the boys. We have not had any evidence 

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indicating that any ballots were seen inside the room or 
jflbund outside of it before that oooupation by the newsboys 
in September. 

On the afternoon of 1st October, 1927, George 
Landerkin saw a number of papers estimated at about 75 
lying scattered on Aylmer Avenue and noticing them to be 
ballots picked up 19 of them. They were only ballot papers 
detached from counterfoil and stub and having no numbers or 
initials or writing. These 19 were later handed by him 
to his solicitor, Alexander Smith, and by him to Mr. Sparks 
who on 13th October, 19E7, sent them to Mr. Sinolair, M. I. A., 
by whom they were produced to the Legislative Assembly* on 14th 
February, 1928. Close examination of them shows them to 
correspond with ballots printed on the ballot form sheets 
sent to the Returning Officer by the Olerk of the Crown in 
Chanoery. 

Charles J. Mullin saw one or two ballots on the 
street on Aylmer Avenue sometime after September in the fall 
of 1927. 

Sometime in Ootober or November 1927 Mr* Thomas 
O'Neill saw a number of ballots, he thought over 100, lying 
on Aylmer Avenue for some days. He had picked one up. It 
had no counterfoil. 

Cyril Nelson Wilkins, a young newsboy, states that 
he had seen quite a lot of ballot packets with Junk in a 
basket in the back room spoken of. He says this was in May 
or June 1927 but we think he is mistaken about the month. 
He had found in this back room even so late as 24th February, 
1928, one packet which next day he gave to W. J. lowrie. 

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Mr. Lowrie, who was a Deputy Returning Officer, says that 
Wilkin s gave him a paoket of ballots on 25th February, 1928, 
whioh he handed to Mr. Birkett, M. L. A* , - Mr. Birkett 
produced them before us. They consist of a packet of ballots 
having counterfoils and stubs and a few separated ballots, 
some with and some without counterfoils and stubs. They 
were evidently from the black bordered blank sheets sent from 
Toronto to the Returning Officer and also corresponded with 
the type of the Modern Press and bore numbers within 30,000. 

Inspector Stringer of the Provincial Police during 
our investigation visited the back room referred to and found 
and produced two ballot papers without counterfoil or stub 
found on the floor under a wooden box. He made enquiries 
of several newsboys who informed him of ballots having been 
seen by them in the room, some being in packets, and of some 
ballots being taken out by boys. 

Mr. A. B. Forde, who was Deputy Returning Officer 
at the municipal election on 6th December, 1926, in the 
middle room, found the door between that and the back room 
not locked or fastened and in fact went into the back room 
to stop the drafts in doors and windows and saw in it what 
appeared to be boxes and election papers with various litter 
and said it looked like a junk room but he could not say that 
he notioed any ballot papers. His son, who acted as Poll 
Clerk, gave similar evidence. 

Mrs. Charles Dore, living at 16 Aylmer Avenue, 

remembered her daughter aged ten bringing her a number of 

ballots which she said she had found on the street. The 

daughter said she had 108. Out of these her husband counted 

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63 which he says were all loose and not in packets. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dore were very uncertain as to the date but she 
thinks it was after her return to Ottawa in August or 
September 1927. 

Harold Nicholson, a newsboy, had seen ballots 
in the back room in a basket after the newsboys began to use 
it. Some were in packets, some loose and some torn off. 
He took two pads home of which he gave some to other boys. 
He thought nearly all the boys took or had some of the ballots. 

The foregoing evidence would account for several 
hundred blank ballots but not for all Mr. Scott had, but it 
satisfies us that Mr. Scott instead of sending the 1350 
undistributed ballots to Toronto as he had been instructed 
and as he evidently believed to be a duty which he had 
performed, had left them un oared for in the back room when 
he surrendered its possession and that those produced by 
Mr. Sinclair and those found and seen by others on the 
streets and elsewhere were part of those so left by Mr. Scott 
in the back room. Some of the ballots may form part of 
those separated from the 125 stubs found in the box sent by 
him to Toronto. But none of the ballots produced to us 
had any initials of any Deputy Returning Officer or any 
indication of having been issued to or by any such officer. 

Mr. Starr and Mr. MoRuer at our request went 
carefully through the returns of all the Deputy Returning 
Officers and compared their returns with the unused ballots 
and the stubs of used ballots and the spoiled and rejected 
ballots in their respective envelopes and made note of the 

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number and size of packets so as to ascertain what the 
numberings would be of the ballots undistributed by the 
Returning Officer. In 13 oases the D. R. O's had not 
returned all the stubs of the used ballots but no unused 
ballots or pads thereof were found to be missing, Mr. 
Harry A. Stark has carefully analysed the result of this 
examination and his report thereon is forwarded herewith. 
It is thus shown that out of the total quantity of 30,000 
ballots printed 2692 stubs bearing serial numbers are missing, 
of whioh 946 are not returned by the D. R. O's, leaving 
1646 less those found in the shed unaccounted for. But it 
is not shown that any ballot papers are missing other than 
those undistributed by Mr. Scott. While 
numbered stubs are produced by witnesses before us as being 
found on the streets or in the back room used by the 
Returning Officer there is no indication that the numbers 
printed thereon were part of those issued to any Deputy 
Returning Officer. 

As already mentioned, Mr. Scott did not make 
any note of the serial numbers issued to any Deputy Returning 
Officer so that he was unable to state what were the 
numbers on the undistributed ballots. Why the 125 stubs 
in possession of the Returning Officer were separated from 
their ballots could not be explained, nor why the counterfoils 
were still left on the one packet. 

In view of the evidence we have not thought it 

necessary to call any of the Deputies to explain the absence 

of the stubs inasmuch as they are not shown to be other than 

those of used ballots and would not account for the many 

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ballot papers found. But their absence in those 13 
subdivisions shows that Deputies should have impressed upon 
them the necessity of more carefulness in the performance 
of their duties. 

It is also to be noted that although Mr. Soott 
appointed 29 polling stations in addition to the 94 mentioned 
in his proclamation and the 1 advanced poll, making 124 in 
all, his return (form 32 under Sec. 143) shows only 96 
subdivisions, making no mention of the other 29 and giving 
no indication that they had existed although he sent in a 
list of 124 P« R. 0»3 and their poll clerks to be paid. 

The affidavits both of the printer (under Sec. 72) 
and of the Returning Officer (under Sec. 144) required by the 
Eleotion Act appear to have been oarelessly prepared and 
do not show whether the makers were sworn or affirmed, nor 
that proper precautions were taken to verify the statements 
made therein. 

Messrs. Starr and MoRuer in examining the contents 

of the envelopes delivered by the Deputy Returning Officers 

to the Returning Officer found in the envelope returned from 

Polling Subdivision No. 164 the stubs of 300 ballots in 

three pads numbered 10101 to 10300. According to the 

statement by the Deputy Returning Officer and the return by 

the Returning Officer that was the full number issued to 

that subdivision. But in the envelope was also found a 

pad of 25 stubs numbered 25776 to 25800 of which 19 (numbers 

25782 to 25800) have the counterfoils and ballots still 

attached. How this pad came to be in that envelope and how 

and why the 6 counterfoils and ballots were detached 

therefrom does not appear. 

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As the "ballots found and produced before us are 
evidently part of those printed under the Returning Officer's 
direotions and on the special paper furnished to him by the 
Olerk of the Crown in Chancery and as there is little doubt 
that all the ballots found or seen on the street or in or 
about the room previously surrendered by the Returning 
Officer were of the same character and there is no evidence 
or indication that any improper use of any of them was made 
or attempted or intended, we do not find that any criminal 
act was committed in relation thereto. But their being 
so found out of proper custody might create suspicion or 

uncertainty in view of the possibility of collusion or 
conspiracy in relation thereto, whioh might be a breach of 
criminal law. 

As a means of guarding against such improper use 
of ballots whether forged or genuine we are of opinion that 
the Returning Officer should before handing the ballot with 
its counterfoil to the voter allow the agents of the 
candidates to see both and to note the number and the poll 
book number on the counterfoil and should also when the 
ballot is returned to him by the voter show to the agents 
both those numbers and his own initials before tearing off 
the counterfoil and placing the ballot in the box. This 
would in no way interfere with the secrecy of the ballot. 
It would also be advisable to require the Returning Officer 
to note and send to the Clerk of the Crown in Chancery with 
the envelopes received from the Deputies a record of the 
numbers printed on the ballots obtained from the printer and 
on those delivered to eaoh Deputy and those undistributed 

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and to send therewith those undistributed ballots. 
In this oase the Clerk by letter requested the Returning 
Officer to instruct the Deputies to oount the ballot papers 
received by them, but it might be well to make that a 
statutory duty. 

In compliance with the specific requirements 
of our Commission we therefore report as follows: 

1. The 19 ballots produced by Mr. Sinclair before 
the Legislative Assembly were genuine official ballots, that 
is properly printed for the Returning Offioer, but not 
distributed or used by him. 

2. Those 19 ballots were, among others estimated to 
be about 75 in number, found on the roadway on the south 
side of Aylmer Avenue on the 1st Ootober, 1927, by George 
Landerkin of Ottawa and were by him delivered to Alexander 
Smith of Ottawa, Barrister, who sent them to Mr. Sinclair, 
M. 1. A. for South Ontario. 

3. We have no evidence or indication before us that 
any criminal offence or any offence against the Election Act 
or any other Ontario Act took place on the part of any person 
in connection with the said 19 ballots, but we find that they 
were part of the ballots printed for and in the custody of the 
Returning Offioer, and that there was culpable conduct on the 
part of the Returning Offioer, Francis M. Scott, in not taking 

care of the ballots not distributed by him to the Deputy 

Urtl 
Returning Officers and the Imprinted stubs of ballot forms 

and in not returning the same to the Clerk of the Crown in 

Chanoery and in leaving the ballots un oared for and as if 

waste material in the premises used by him as Returning 

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Officer and never asking or obtaining the return of the 
imprinted sheets of ballot forms from the printer. 
4. We find with regard to the printer P. W. Runge, 
manager and proprietor of the Modern Press in Ottawa, that 
he and some of his employees were not guilty of any collusion, 
oonnivanoe, incompetence or wilful wrongdoing, but he and 
his employees must share the blame for want of oare in dealing 
with the ballots and ballot paper. Neither he nor his 
employees oan say definitely how muoh government paper, 
properly prepared in strips for printing the ballots, was 
sent to him, nor what was, by count, the exact number of 
ballots delivered to the Returning Officer* II o receipts 
were taken for the ballots when printed and delivered, 
although the Returning Officer got them on three different 
oooasions. All this added to the difficulty of tracing 
where the ballots found in the streets of Ottawa came from. 
No record was kept of the number that remained of sheets 
of government ballot paper not used for the printing of the 
ballots, nor was the same returned to the Returning Officer 
at any time, but was, after being in the storeroom of the 
Modern Press for some months taken out, out in strips and 
burned in the furnace by George E. Smith, the cutter in the 
employ of the Modern Press Limited. This may be said to be 
unintentional wrongdoing as the sheets should have been 
returned to the Returning Officer to be by him forwarded to 
the Olerk of the Grown in Chancery. 

With regard to the Returning Officer for South 
Ottawa, we find that he was guilty of carelessness, 
irregularity, negligence and incompetence, as well as of 

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unintentional wrongdoing. He was not able to state the 
amount of government paper properly prepared for printing 
ballots whioh was sent to him. He does not know how muoh 
he gave to the printers, nor how muoh was left in their hands 
when the ballots were returned to him. He did not oount the 
number of ballots sent back to him, nor did he return the 
undistributed ballots together with the unused ballot paper, 
as oomprehended in the regulations, to the Clerk of the 
Crown in Chancery. He left the undistributed ballots, 
aooording to the evidence, in a room into which the ballot 
boxes were delivered on the day after the election, or in the 
adjoining room, and neglected or forgot to pack them up in 
the boxes which as required by the regulations he forwarded 
to Toronto. Consequently they never reached the Clerk of 
the Crown in Chancery. They appear to have been left in 
the rooms mentioned until occupied by the newsboys by 
arrangement with the newspaper Subscription Bureau for the 
purpose of getting their papers for delivery, and were by 
them, in boyish fashion, thrown around the room or carried 
off and either retained or thrown away around the streets 
of Ottawa. Only about 200-300 ballots have been traced, 
but we find as a fact that the whole balance of printed 
ballots undistributed to the Deputy Returning Officers 
amounts to about 1350, all of whioh appear to have disappeared 
and been destroyed in various ways after having been left 
in the rooms we have mentioned. It was unnecessary, as it 
seemed to us, to follow up further the particular modes of 
destruction, as it was quite evident that the scattering 

around the streets of Ottawa was likely to attract the 

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attention of those who saw or picked them up, who disposed 
of them in various ways. 

No one admitted before us having scattered any 
on Aylmer Avenue, where not only the 19 ballots found by Mr. 
Sinclair were picked up, but a ballot (not produced) was 
found by Thomas J. O'Neill of Ottawa, among a number whioh 
he estimated at about 100. Those produced by Mr. Birkett 
came, through Mr. Lowrie, directly from a newsboy who found 
them in the rooms used by Mr. Scott. 

We have no evidence before us whioh would justify 
any strictures on our part upon the poll clerks or 
constables in the said election, or on the part of any 
officer or servant of the Government of Ontario. We find 
however that in a few cases the stubs belonging to ballots 
enclosed in the envelopes containing the Deputy Returning 
Officers' returns were missing, but no other irregularity 
appears. We may also call attention to the inadvisability 
of any room used as an office by Returning Officers or for 
any election purposes being in close proximity to the 
quarters of any political club or organization. 

5. We find, and Mr. Sparks also expressed before 
us his opinion that the result of the election in South 
Ottawa was not affected by any of the facts shown or 
indicated before us. 

6. In the course of our investigation we have 
considered whether a better system or procedure could be 
adopted in relation to Provincial eleotions and beg 
respectfully to submit the following suggestions: 



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(a) It is not enough that the Returning Officers in 
all constituencies should be honest, but they should be 
thoroughly competent and careful, as the position is one of 
the greatest importance having regard to the proper oonduot 
of elections generally and demands high qualifications. It 
might be well to consider whether a permanent County official 
would not be the most appropriate person to have official 
charge of the elections in his district. 

(b) The supplies of government paper for the printing 
of ballots should be carefully checked from time to time while 
in the possession of the Clerk of the Crown in Chancery and 
when issued the sheets should be counted and recorded. When 
delivered to Returning Officers they should be duly and 
accurately receipted for. 

(o) When a Returning Officer has received the paper 
on which the names of the candidates are to be printed and 
hands it over to the printer he should likewise take every 
care as to the amount of paper he delivers, as well as to the 
amount of paper and the number of ballots he receives back. 
It should not be too much trouble to count these in order 
to have an accurate result. And he should keep a list of 
the numbers on the ballot pads delivered to each Deputy 
Returning Officer. 

(d) More definite and particular descriptions of 
all supplies intended to be accounted for and returned should 
be given to the Returning Officer showing what he is 
expected to send baok. His account as Returning Officer 
should not be paid until the instructions have been oomplied 
with to the satisfaction of the Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, 

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There is no reason why the boxes containing these 
returned unused supplies should not be opened on their receipt 
as they do not contain any ballots or other material used in 
the election. 

(e) Some more modern and up to date method of insuring 
the safety of the paper on its way to the Returning Officers 
and as to the transmission of the returns, ballots and unused 
supplies to the Clerk of the Crown in Chancery, and some 
better device for fastening and making inviolable both the 
envelopes enclosed and the boxes themselves while in transit 
should be devised. Sealing wax is a very fragile bond when 
the envelopes are tightly packed and is of no use on the 
outside of a heavy box. 

7. An amendment to the Ontario Election Act might 
still further secure the secrecy of the ballot by a provision 
that when the voter returns to the Deputy Returning Officer 
the ballot which he has marked the number on the counterfoil 
while still attached to the ballot should be shown to the 
agents or scrutineers for comparison with the stub number 
before it is destroyed. And the agents or scrutineers should 
be shown the numbers on stub and counterfoil before the ballot 
is handed to the voter. The secrecy of the ballot would in 
no way be endangered. 

All of which is respectfully submitted. 




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